Saturday, 6 August 2016

A different nuclear solution by Robin Burn I Eng FIMMM

Small modular nuclear reactors for secure continuity of energy supply.

The UK energy generating and supply industry, has had a program of diversification into renewable sources of supply for many years, enabling the UK to be less reliant on finite gaseous and liquid form hydrocarbons, as well as coal. 

Coal fired power generation, which has been the staple source of electricity, has been gradually replaced by gas fired power stations, thus reducing carbon dioxide emissions, as well as increasing the efficiency of energy conversion.

Increasingly, over the last few decades, the adoption of renewable forms of energy, the general mix of extractable sources, and solar wind and water power, has tilted toward the latter sources.

Since the 1950’s, the utilisation of nuclear energy to provide the nations power requirements, has never really fulfilled its promise to become the primary source of the nation’s energy needs.
The siting of the station, overruns in terms of construction times, and costs, has restricted its position in the energy market.

The use of nuclear has once again become a topic of debate with the proposed construction of a third reactor on the Hinkley Point site, the use of a new design of the reactor which has its roots outside of the UK. Add to this the source of the funding has led to its delay on a political level.

Energy sustainability as well as affordability is the crux to the UK economy and political stability. The need for long term reliability as well as fulfilling the need for carbon dioxide emissions requires the use of a nuclear solution.

This poses the overriding question of how this can be delivered in an acceptable manner at affordable costs

Fortunately a solution is available widely used safely and efficiently delivering electrical power where it is needed at an affordable level.

Small modular nuclear reactors (SMNR’s) have been used as a generator of electrical power for marine propulsion on surface and subsea platforms for more than 50 years.

The defence of our  nation was underpinned by the use of our nuclear weapons program delivered from a nuclear powered fleet of submarines for more than 50 years. The United States has nuclear powered aircraft carriers, and along with other NATO and non NATO countries, as well as commercial ships a total of more than 150 small modular nuclear reactors are powering the worlds sea going traffic.

The good news for the UK is that a major engineering group is building these SMNR units constructed in the UK.

The Engineering conglomerate Rolls Royce long associated with the manufacture and supply of engineered products to the defense and aerospace requirements of the UK are the UK leader of this technology. Rolls Royce gas powered engines drive electric generating turbines in gas powered power plants.

A SMNR as a nuclear submarine power source is rated at around 250MW, with a projected build cost as a power station at around £1.25bn the proposed Hinkley point nuclear power station is rated at  3200 megawatt with a build cost of £18bn..

The advantages of building SMNR’s as an alternative are as follows

The SMNR has 50 years of usage in its current form
The existing design is UK based in terms of manufacture using uk sourced components.

The units can be factory built and assembled, reducing unit costs with guaranteed build quantities.

The smaller power station footprint increases site potential availability.

A smaller reactor size requires much less coolant eliminating the requirement of coastal sites.

Build times are significantly reduced.

SMNR’s require fuel of less than 5% enrichment.

If we are obliged to use Nuclear Power to reduce carbon emissions and save the planet, do we really need to build expensive untested big plants when home-grown technology would do? Is this more about producing weapons grade nuclear material than actually cutting carbon?

Robin Burn

Further Reading:

Daily Telegraph Business Section 19th March 2016
Industry Editor Alan Tovey

Friday, 5 August 2016

The Swirling Dust Chokes Common Sense

Since the EU referendum result there have been big political movements but the dust still blows around relentlessly with seemingly endless and random political turmoil.
From the relatively civilized and managed dethronement of David Cameron and George Osbourne to the chaotic "Anyone but Corbin" coup attempt in Labour party, the tumbleweed continues to blow past the Last Chance Saloon. UKIP are the next to struggle with a leadership contest, following the Assembly Group leadership contest with a far more bitter UK Party battle. As an outsider I don't know enough about any major party to offer any explanations but will wait for the kiss and tell stories, or in the case of the Conservatives something around page 327 of a weighty political biography.

Even here in Carmarthenshire tremors are disrupting normal political life, Sitting Labour Councillors de-selected by the local party, some then reinstated on appeal. Our Llanelli MP now said to fear deselection too, allegedly from the large number of new Labour members, suspected supporters of JC, who may take her resignation from the shadow cabinet as an unforgivable  show of disloyalty to Jeremy Corbyn.

Even Plaid has a hint of dangerous eccentricity, having decided, as part of their policy to increase the number of welsh speakers, on the "cost neutral" policy of converting all streamed primary schools, those with 2 groups of children taught in the same building through either the medium of welsh or English, to Welsh medium only schools. Quite acceptable to most communities where there are easily accessible alternative English Language Schools, not so welcome in the village of Llangennech where there is no guarantee of an English language school place anywhere nearby and no hope of any help from the County Council in the transition period for transportation etc. In contrast to the council's policy of giving free school transport to children who opt for Welsh medium education where there is no local Welsh Medium provision, the privilege is not to be shared  with those who wish their children to be educated in the medium of English..

 Bad news of course for some English Medium primary school teachers in the area, but many actually  are native Welsh speakers. Years  ago I moved my own children from an English medium school to a streamed school when I discovered the poor quality of Welsh language teaching my younger  children had been  getting. The head teacher was outraged. "How can you say we don't teach Welsh well?" he said "We teachers speak Welsh to each other in front of the pupils all the time".

 I've never regretted the move and neither have my daughters. However, both my older children had learning difficulties and both did well in English medium primary education. I really doubt they would have done as well in a second language.  However, both now are extremely sympathetic to the Welsh language, one aims to become fluent in Welsh and the other, with all the enthusiasm of youth, is fully behind converting all schools in Wales to  Welsh medium only at all levels, even though it would mean that his own ambitions to become a Physics teacher might have to be fulfilled in another country.

Gareth Jones, the Plaid Executive Councillor for Education, is adamant that no quarter will be given in Llangennech and that not being bilingual is such a disadvantage that refusal to allow your children to attend a Welsh Medium Primary School is practically child neglect. All  research quoted seems to be the old Canadian standard stuff but the French/English language position in Canada is considerably different than the position of English and Welsh here.

Now in Carmarthenshire, Welsh Medium education is already the majority choice in primary school and very well favoured by native Welsh speakers and middle class English Speaking families. If the school in Llangennech is left to develop in the Community as a streamed school the English stream, already smaller than the Welsh one, could naturally become redundant over time. However, to impose Welsh medium education on families who have not chosen it is a dangerous game. The accusation that the Welsh Nationalist Party will force everybody in Wales to speak Welsh is one charge which is hurled at them in English speaking areas by their political opponents. Ridiculous, but given credibility by this attempt seeking to force parents in a majority English speaking community to put their children into immersive Welsh tuition whether they want it or not..

Saving the Welsh Language is a big job, and unnecessarily making enemies never a great idea. Even if every child leaves primary school fluent in Welsh, continues their education in Welsh in Secondary School and are all fluent Welsh speakers at 18, they then ,practically, have any formal degree level education and most other adult training through the medium of English  only and many, perhaps most, may well leave the area to study or for work. Ironically, the better their educational achievement, the lower the likelihood may be of them being socially able to remain in or near a Welsh speaking community. Immersion learning may accelerate competence in another language but if  you rarely use it you risk losing that competence and confidence.We need to set up sizable Welsh communities to actually preserve Welsh as a language of the future, a language of local development, industry, innovation and commerce. We need to do more than just teach children fluent welsh in isolation.

In Scotland, the free tuition fees only apply to Scottish Universities and only those who can prove that the course they need is worthwhile and not found in Scotland can apply for grant support outside Scotland. This is much better scheme than trying to tempt graduates back with fee refunds for living in Wales after graduation. By then they will have lived away for some years and may well find it easier to get their first jobs in the area they have been studying in. This is especially important in medicine where the newly graduated doctors are very likely to be offered their first jobs within the area they trained in,and the longer they stay away the less likelihood of returning permanently.

Converting streamed schools may be low cost but may well  also be low impact. We needs more resolve, more money and more courage to save the language and Plaid Cymru members know that.
Adam Price AM

What can we do to keep welsh speaking youngsters in a community and boost the local economy. at the same time?

Adam Price's short paper Arfor written in 2013 has been the most inspirational document I have read in the last few years on the practical preservation of Welsh. Although  personally I   do have a few doubts about the local authority leadership plan [mainly due to my own Local Government experience in Carmarthenshire where the comparison with the Sicilian Mafia is very flattering - the mafia traditionally actually have objectives, albeit criminal, a code of honour  and a degree of competence.]

 The general Arfor plan is surely deliverable and would stimulate the economy of Carmarthenshire much more than the many new private housing estates, mainly for retirees, currently promoted locally. It would provide exclusively social housing for the settlement, attract residents who would be enthusiastic and inspired by the project, as well as freeing up other local social housing for general use. It would need careful legal protections but if set up as a stand alone project it should work. Funding could be partly from  Welsh Government and it may inspire many private individuals to donate generously, and perhaps the wealthy diaspora could finally feel that something worthwhile deserved their support. Its time that the Plaid Cymru Group that allegedly lead  Carmarthenshire found their building site to deliver the Arfor Project,, rather than fret about whether or not anther supermarket is built at Cross Hands.

When it is clear that the welsh language is practical, dynamic and economically positive locally, language choice is really boosted towards Welsh.  English speaking parents are not fooled by  lectures on the advantages of bilingualism in Canada which they can see are not replicated here

How about putting the changes at Llangennech school on the back burner for a few years and start actually planning and building a future in the Welsh Language that is attractive , prosperous and exciting?

plenty of brownfield sites in Carmarthenshire .
 Siân Caiach

PS The Arfor document used to be accessible on the Plaid Cymru website but they have changed the access choices and I can't find it today. If anyone wants the English text I have a copy and will send to on request::

Friday, 1 July 2016

Brexit - 23rd June 2016 -a night to remember

As we don't have a whip or binding collective decisions People First did not have a "position" on Brexit. Myself, I personally always favoured getting out, basically because of the lack of democracy, poor enforcement of their much praised environmental directives locally and the disasters financially in many mameber states, especially Greece. We therefore were involved in the referendum as individuals although of those of my members who expressed a preference did overall show a preference for Leave. some also supported Remain. Its probably the demographic, In our membership we are lacking in young, well educated, wealthy metropolitan types.
At the Carmarthenshire EU Referendum Count in the Selwyn Samuel Centre in Llanelli the most surprising thing to me was perhaps the people at the count clearly surprised at the local result. Personally, having canvassed on people's views on the referendum during the Welsh Assembly Election, I had been impressed by the support for Brexit in my own town of Llanelli. I was also aware that national opinion polls suggested that  Wales might well vote for Brexit. Over the 3 months few people seemed to change their minds so the die was cast a long time before the count.

Counting the votes is in a large hall  with dozens of tables where votes are first checked and counted to check they are  correct with the number of votes cast, correctly marked , and then they are counted for each side.It is difficult to get an accurate picture at the start but as the evening progressed the result became clear. I am always impressed as to how voting trends are so often widespread, with similarity over large areas. No-one is allowed to touch votes or interfere with the process of counting but counting agents are appointed for each side or party to check the process. I was the lead polling agent for Vote Leave Cymru so also collecting data to send back to our HQ.

UKIP, always with a flair for drama, muddied the water at the start of the count by Nigel  Farage's apparent concession of a narrow defeat, My earliest assessment in Carmarthenshire was that the postal votes were approximately 50/50 but leave was around 10 % or so ahead on the first few ballot boxes. I'd seen. It was therefore looking like a reasonable win locally.

What I've learnt from the Scottish Referendum  is that once someone has made a decision on the questestion, they are unlikely to change their minds. Undecideds may go to either side but many may just not vote. In the last stages of the referendum the tactics should be to influence the undecideds and find the voters and areas supporting your side to get out the vote so your supporters actually get to the polls. You can never tell exactly but the promised last minute undecideds reverting to the status quo hadn't seemed to happen.

In Llanelli my impression was that the two  Llanelli major parties, Plaid and Labour, did not seem to have a fully realistic idea as to the way the locals were likely to vote. Perhaps they had not asked about people's views at the time of the Assembly Election and/or simply assumed all their traditional supporters would follow their party policies on the referendum. In the last days of the campaign Labour were out making an effort although probably too late. For Plaid the whole referendum campaign was quite low key. At 5.00 am on Thursday it was a novel experience to be out early in my ward with "Bore Da" leaflets reminding people to vote without any sign of Plaid cymru who usually do the same thing for their supporters.

In reality many people are deeply concerned about the deteriorating standard of living here, most clearly seen with problems in the health service and reduction in social services, benefits and deteriorating local infrastructure. Many Out supporters were fed up with being told that we "beneft" from the huge EU administered funds here in Carmarthenshire where we do  have several new buildings built with EU funds as well as the famous EU sponsored walls on roundabouts which no-one appreciates. The truth is they not obviously producing local jobs, better roads or new business start ups. Immigration was not a big issue except that people felt that wages were kept low by some eastern Europeans who naturally are attracted here to earn many times what they could back home and single people often send much of it back to their families.There is little animosity to EU citizens who have settled here with their families.

I admit that our health service is bad here , but because of chronic under-funding and terrible management both locally and from the Assembly. The lack of social housing is in part due to Local Authority financial problems and lack of both foresight and oversight, I was quite impressed at the number of farmers who had voted Out who I had presumed would have been influenced more by farming subsidies - something I did not appreciate until talking to them after the result although one of the local farmers in my ward did put up a lot of Leave posters.The restrictive and unfocused nature of the EU funding here and despair at the general outlook was a major factor. The leave vote was a significant wake up call to the political establishment.

The remain camp was complacent, at least  until close to the voting day and generally more happy about the status quo. My mother voted remain as she likes David Cameron and thought he had done his best to get EU concessions.Two of my children also voted remain, one to support LGTBI rights in the EU and one is a student who could see better educational opportunities as part of the EU. All are still talking to me although my mother still holds me personally responsible for both David Cameron's resignation and the current drop in the pound.

My moment of the night?

The tweet from Councillor John Jenkins at 02.18 confirming that Leave was now odds on with all bookies.

                                        Llanelli [viewed from the North Dock] - desperate for change.

 Siân Caiach,

Tuesday, 14 June 2016

Referendum hots up -Pensions, Bus Passes and Remain's last throw of the dice.

After weeks of quite genteel bickering on details, the last days of the campaign are different. The Remain side have suddenly realised that this may not be a walk over for them, and have sent for Gordon Brown to tell Labour Voters to vote Remain. Legend has it that  it was Gordon who won the Scottish referendum for Stronger Together by his intervention, promising home rule if you voted NO. Almost total independence with less risk, control over everything bar foriegn policy and defense, otherwise known as Devo Max. Scotland voted No but didn't get home rule as promised by Gordo.

If this continues to follow the Scottish Referendum model, the next move is a "Vow" by the leaders of the 3 main Westminster Parties. Due to the sharp decline in the number of Liberal Democrats we may expect a trio consisting of David Cameron, Jeremy Corbin and Nicola Sturgeon promising that the EU will be reformed, immigration halted and  the economy magically turned round by a Remain vote.

Just like in the Scotland Referendum Case, the 3 leaders won't actually get together physically, too embarrassing, but will instead be photo shopped suitably for the front of the tabloids after their staff have cobbled together a vague, upbeat statement to save the day. We will be promised some European Union future so British that we will hardly realise we are part of the EU.,Promises of major EU reform and a nod to reducing immigration, followed by a guarantee of a massive turn around of the UK economy and jobs for all. Maybe Nicola will duck out of the fantasy offer and someone will dig up Tim Farron to make up the trio. A welsh edition would have Carwyn, Leanne, and ?someone else from any other Welsh party supporting Remain, or just anyone Welsh and famous.

I doubt a  "Vow" will make much difference. Most people have made up their minds and many have voted by post already. It has to be a real stunner to win it now, and if Remain do win it may well be thanks to the votes in Scotland and Northern Ireland, a bizarre irony.

However, as someone who was in Scotland during the referendum campaign I feel it was the  pensions argument which made the biggest difference there. If Scotland left the UK they were told, Scots  might have to leave the UK pension system and there were warnings that the state pensions may not be paid at all after a Yes vote. Of course it probably was an empty threat, but if the state pension is a large part of your income you can't take that chance. However, .Project Fear has a lot less traction now in the UK than in Scotland 2014, as trust in politicians declines, the economic outlook is poor and the threats get so ridiculous that its hard to credit that those who "advise" us actually believe what they are saying  .

Now what could a Welsh "Vow"contain for  Wales?. Will they promise decent roads, new rail links, plans to save our Steel Industry, and jobs for our young people? Probably not.

 David Cameron, may rely on his recent threat of a possible Brexit induced economic dip which will apparently force him to cut the state retirement pension and abolish free bus passes for the elderly. However, as our bus passes are devolved to Welsh Government, and are one of the most popular policies of our devolved parliament, will Carwyn Jones back him up?

In Politics trust is hard won but easily lost. We have an interesting week ahead.

Sian Caiach,

Tuesday, 7 June 2016

Pollution - can be ignored thanks to the EU directives

Although the European Union has excellent environmental directives the regulation of them is poor in the UK. At our last full council meeting in Carmarthenshire we discussed the growing air pollution problem from traffic fumes. The EU regulations have been changed, allowing less pollution on our roads and large areas of our towns now qualify to be designated  Air Quality Management Areas.

The Welsh Government are supposed to monitor and protect our environment according to EU law. Llanelli's experience is that generally they don't. Welsh water can't afford to improve the sewage system to EU quality standards and the Welsh Government does not care. Natural Resources Wales gives consents to the discharges to prevent sewage back flow flooding into homes and gardens. Sometimes even that doesn't work. Here in Llanelli sh*t really does happen, and far too often.

It is the UK government who is liable for prosecutions, not Welsh Government, Complaints are difficult to make and hard to progress without specialist legal help.In any case they may take many years for investigation and prosecutions to be completed. So if it is inconvenient or too expensive. to obey EU environmental regulations the Welsh government  and other bodies can put 2 fingers up to to the EU  and ignore the rules.The sewage pollution here was reported to the EU commission firstly by my local resident's group in Stradey where sewage flooding was a problem and they were joined later by cockle pickers when the shellfish suffered mass near extinction events annually and their livelihoods were destroyed with them. 10 years of protest so far and still no resolution.

AQMA Sandy Road, Llanelli
The EU makes the environmental laws. The problem is when your nation state,  the UK, according to the EU, breaks the rules as clearly they do in the cases of air pollution and sewage treatment in Carmarthenshire. The EU commission is reluctant to prosecute and then to give out any real punishment. In theory it can impose fines but in fact these are extracted from the money normally returned as grants. To complicate matters environment is devolved to the Welsh Government.

 What is the current position in these 2 local issues?

Sewage is still being vented into the Loughor estuary from both the Llanelli and Gowerton areas. The problem is that  Welsh water can't afford to do a decent job and correct the whole problem. However, despite the finding of infringement [guilty to you and me] it is in a long negotiation as to how much time it has to gradually improve matters while hundreds of new houses are built which will possibly negate all the "rainscape" projects taking ground water out of the sewers. A final penalty or another period of grace to make things a bit better will be the likely outcome of the next hearing later this year. The complaint has made Welsh Water make improvements but the building of many new houses has probably produced little difference in the overall picture other than slightly less runny sewage which still gets dumped untreated after the frequent system overloads.

As to air pollution, the local County Council sets up the appropriate monitoring and committees but in the most severe and longstanding case of Llandeilo has done very little else. When Welsh Government declined to fund a bypass the County Council gave up and in fact built a school across the favored route of their by pass  proposals.  The County Councilllor for Llandeilo, Edward Thomas, tries to bring up the issue but only to be told that its Welsh government's fault as they won't build a by pass and nothing can be done. People die from serious air pollution which statistically increases ill health and death rates.But as no individual case can be absolutely proved as suffering due to the roads' production of chemicals and particles from traffic, the council, Welsh government and even the EU commission are off the hook. We know the pollution is there but there is no motivation for the powers that be to do anything about it.

Delegating the making of Environmental Laws to the EU then devolving the enforcement to the impoverished and somewhat shambolic Welsh Government has led to inertia and we are stuck with the toxic mess in our air and water. The more remote and inaccessible a government is to its citizens, the more difficult it is to enforce its rules where local and regional government don't want to bother.

I've been a Welsh Nationalist for most of my adult life and I'm no great fan of the UK government but I have to admit that I now have more confidence in a government in London to run environmental policy and enforcement than the EU commission in Brussels. I have to laugh when the environmental protection is given as a reason to vote "Remain". The EU environmental directives are clearly merely optional here. For this and many other reason's I'm voting to leave the EU.

Sian Caiach

Wednesday, 25 May 2016

Carmarthenshire Senior Councillors - Are they worth it?

How much are our Carmarthenshire Senior Councillors worth? Well, according to them, a lot. They are, the Executive Board say, at the same level of responsibility as MP's and AM's and imply they should be paid accordingly, presumably in the region of 50-60k . So they rejected the recommendation on pay from Welsh Government, a document limiting the number of the highest paid Councillors and their salaries which suggested a modest pay cut..
The Councils's Executive is claiming that the Independent Remuneration Panel Wales was not Independent at all as they had received a letter from a WAG minister in 2015 and should therefore be ignored..

Spot the talent!

Looking at this letter, actually in an addendum attached to the report, it seems rather vague and simply reminds the panel of the general financial situation .Correspondence with the IRPW I've had since we Councillors were assured they were clearly a dodgy outfit, not surprisingly confirms that IRPW believes itself to be independent., Also that letters from ministers are routine, not an exceptional event as we were told in full council. Carmarthenshire Councillors supported the executive and voted to keep their current pay levels.If the IRPW advice was taken, a number of the executive board Councillors would be reduced to 23,000. The County Council have decided to resist this change and the status quo remains. Salaries before tax, NI and pension deductions are listed at the end of this article.

Other expenses are also usually larger for the better paid who tend to travel more, may need a personal car and driver, and attend events at Council Expense

What are the qualifications for the top jobs such as, Exec board, planning committee etc?. The civic appointments are in the gift of the Parties who take turn to nominate a trusted and loyal member as deputy chair who then becomes chair the following year. There is never a proper election for the posts. The other appointments are mysterious and usually seem to require little more than a great affection for the status quo and a willingness to grovel to the political

Over the years I've seen plenty of people from all parties here trapped in the web lured by pathetic privileges, titles and, of course, extra money, usually actually encouraged and appointed by their own parties. They present themselves as naive with good intentions at first, but soon learn the talents of spin and end up sounding like they are reading off a script issued by someone else, and one suspects they may have indeed given up the troublesome habit of speaking for themselves. Once you get used to extra money its hard to give it up and you may do questionable things just to keep in the club.
Other Councillors are rated as harmless,backbench,cannon fodder and generally ignored and the few troublemakers like me just generally harassed,dismissed as lunatics and eccentrics and occasionally bear the brunt of some unpleasant disincentives in the hope that we will go away eventually and leave the poor council to function without any serious criticism.

The CEO I'm told, apparently arranges the political coalition deals and may even suggest to groups who their leaders should be. This may be true or just another well learnt recitation to absolve Senior Councillors from blame for their more dubious actions. Its said that the corruptible may be attracted to power,my theory is that they are actively recruited here by those who can pick the most greedy and suggestible out of the pack and exploit them to the hilt. When Labour changed their leader to someone with a few principles they were out of power in no time and Plaid put in.
Are they worth it? Should they fret that they are not getting enough? Most of them are getting another income as well, either from other employment or retirement pensions, reflecting their tendency to be middle aged or elderly. Large salaries aresupposed to attract young people as councillors but at least here few younger councillors get any promotion at all to the big bucks.

We are now instructed to produce annual reports, given a template which can be filled in for us listing our committees, outside appointments and attendance in council. Are these the important things when the Council is run by a small clique, scrutiny committees do very little real scrutiny and most ordinary Councillors make very little contribution to policy or action other than supporting political group policy.? I wonder if a list of major council policy decisions in our reports together with which way we voted would give a better insight. On the other hand how many people will actually check their Councillor's annual report online?

Current salaries, for the record, are therefore just as last year's:-

Leader 48,000
Deputy leaders [2] 31,250
Other executive Councillors [7] 29,000
Chairs of committees [7] 22,000
Leader of the opposition [1] 22,000
Civic Chair of Council [1] 21,500
Deputy Civic Chair [1] 16,000
Ordinary Councillors [54 ]13,300

The pay recommendations would have led to some executive board members dropping a few thousand pounds from their salaries, Fat chance!

Sunday, 8 May 2016

How we did on the Mid and West list

Having now dug up the figures I can report that we took 1,496 votes on the list, mainly in Llanelli and the rest of Carmarthenshire which is unsurprising as we couldn't afford leaflets for the whole area but did cover most of Carmarthenshire. Our total vote in the whole mid and west area - Dyfed, Powys and South Gwynedd came to 0.7 % , as we'd never stood before, a technical 0.7% gain.
As our next project is to get County Councillors elected next year I hope all these new voters will remember us fondly. Here is the List Team:-

 As we couldn't all be in one place at the same time due to work, illness  and family commitments we did these publicity photo's separately. Above, is myself with Wayne Erasmus and Cllr Marie Binney at Park Howard, below with our other list candidates Stephen Bowen and Clem Thomas in Dafen,Llanelli.

Many thanks not only to all our supporters and those who voted for us but also to the many people who received us graciously on the doorstep and in hustings. Apart from the mysterious disappearance of field posters there were no nasty incidents and well done to all the parties for their good natured and mature campaigns.

  Siân Caiach,